Data guide

There is no doubt that knowing and touring the Andes is an extraordinary experience. We want you to enjoy it to the maximum, with snow, rain, by car, bicycle or on foot, on those paved roads as well as dirt roads. For this reason, we have created a data guide to plan all your activities in Andes Santiago with security and confidence. So, you can have a memorable experience and come back with your friends or family, to repeat the experience of adventure tourism, mountain tourism and ecotourism that only the Andes Mountains in Chile can give you.

About Santiago

Santiago is the capital of the Metropolitan Region (MR) of Santiago, one of the sixteen regions of Chile. The borders are: in the north and west with the Valparaiso Region, east with the Argentine province of Mendoza, and south with the O’Higgins Region. The MR has a population of approximately 7 million inhabitants, in an area of 15,403.2 km2, and 52 communes, with rural and urban characteristics.

Weather

Its climate corresponds to the “Mediterranean” type, with a long dry season and a rainy winter. The average annual temperature is 22 °C, while the warmest month is January, reaching a temperature of 30°C or higher, and the coldest month is July with fluctuating temperatures, generally close to 15°C. Rainfall is recorded during the winter seasons, especially during May, June, July and August. The cold, high-altitude climate is located in the Andes Mountains above 3000 metres. Low temperatures and solid precipitation characterise this type of climate, which allows the accumulation of permanent snow and ice fields on the peaks and ravines of the high Andes. Above 500 metres above sea level, there are sclerophyllous forests with complex, evergreen foliage.

Leave No Trace
We remind you of the basic tips of the principles of Leave No Trace
  • Remember that when visiting any outdoor area, you should respect the environment and help to keep these places better as you found them, basic rules of ecotourism.
  • Respect other visitors and locals as well, don’t play music (or ask before you do), avoid bringing your dogs (especially if the ecosystem of the site is fragile or if it is a site that will have animals native to the area).
  • Take all your rubbish with you. Organic food waste, cigarette butts and finger tape are also litter.
  • If you find other people’s rubbish, take it with you.
  • Always stay on the trails.
  • Do not build fires.
  • Do not camp at the foot of the track.
  • If you need to poop, use the “cat hole” technique: Move 70 paces away from any water source and dig a hole 25 centimetres deep in the ground and in an area exposed to the sun. Do your business in it and cover it with the same soil you dug out. Take the toilet paper home in a bag.
Driving in high mountains

Visiting the high mountain has associated risks, as it is a recreational trip. Therefore, the objective is to minimise them by being aware of the altitude, people, and vehicles conditions to prevent dangerous situations while mountain tourism in our Andes Mountain range.

Conditions in the high mountains

Effects of altitude

  • The higher the altitude, the lower the pressure
  • The higher the altitude, the lower the oxygen
  • The higher the altitude, the lower the humidity
  • The higher the altitude, the higher the radiation
  • The higher the altitude, the lower the temperature
  • Unseasonal weather and terrain changes
  • Effects on people: Inexperienced drivers may experience panic or fear of what they consider to be extreme situations.
Risks and effects on vehicles
  • Loss of power
  • Freezing and damage to components
  • Decreased adhesion
  • Decreased visibility
Driving on snow or ice

The degree of grip in this terrain is minimal. Therefore, smooth and precise handling of the vehicle is required.

We usually encounter common obstacles in these conditions, even if they are not visible: stones, tracks, ditches and ditches inside, so be very careful.

Drive keeping the previous tracks, at a steady pace, without sudden acceleration or braking.

Chains are essential because they break up the terrain as you go, improving traction and the vehicle’s directionality.

During the descent, always keep one gear engaged. When braking, pump the brakes rather than slamming on them. Use your foot to gently step on the brake pedal when you want to slow down so that you slow down gradually.

The ice on the snow is a dangerous element; the safest way to deal with this terrain is to use chains and drive slowly. Always carry shovels and suitable tyres.

Use of chains

Advice on their use:

  • Install chains in a flat and safe place.
  • Do not wait until you run out of traction to install the chains.
  • Do not run; the chains cannot withstand speeds over 50 km/h.
  • Do not drive on dry pavement with chains.
  • ***Link in ski resorts and snow activities box tips and recommendations for going to the mountains.
  • Chains should fit snugly to the tyre.
  • Use chain tensioners.
  • Avoid exposing them to possible freezing.

Air pressure in tyres.

Deflating your vehicle’s tyres can significantly improve performance and driveability; lowering tyre pressure is intended to provide more contact surfaces on snow or ice. In addition, increasing the footprint improves traction by increasing grip for driving or braking.

Deflating the tyres can only be an emergency option, but it is not the best option; chains are advisable.

Plan your trip

Get up early, ideally be at 7.30 AM in route from the city to any mountain destinations, check schedules and traffic conditions of the courses.

Prepare your vehicle: Get your car checked and have it serviced, take it in for routine service and make sure everything is in good working order.

Have the mechanic check the following items and replace anything that is not working correctly:

  • Tyres and tyre pressure
  • Battery, belts and hoses
  • Radiator and antifreeze
  • Brakes and Exhaust System
  • Heater and Oil
  • Lights and Ignition System
  • Windscreen Wiper
  • Photo of chains and vehicles in snow
  • During the winter season, the use of chains is mandatory.
  • Install the chains in a flat and safe place, do not wait until you run out of traction to do so.
Biker Safety
Biker Safety
In case of an accident
  • Stay calm. If possible, clear the trail.
  • Assess your condition If you cannot move, wait for someone to assist you.
  • Communicate with trail safety Ask other cyclists to signal at the base of the lifeline Identify your location Inform trail name, landmark and presumed severity of your injuries.
  • S.O.S. Follow the instructions of our safety team.
  • Emergency number +562 24777014
  • Sourcehttps://vallenevado.com/vallebike/
Safety for climbers

Safety for climbers

Before starting to climb in the Andes, the climber and belayer should always check the four key safety zones:
  • Harnesses: Harness belt above the hips. Harness tight to the body
  • Rope knot: Rope in the correct place on the saddle. Correct knot. Knot finished and tight.
  • Attachment of safety system: Rope in the correct direction (device function test). Carabiner connected to the right place on the harness. Carabiner locked.
  • Rope: Tie a knot at the end of the string.

Emergency numbers

Cuerpo de socorro andino

(2) 2699 4764

pdi

 (2) 2708 0000

Bomberos

(2) 2816 0000

carabineros

(2) 2922 0000